"Saxon genitive ('s) or of + noun?... that is the question."
Choosing between the Saxon Genitive ('s) or the structure "of + noun" can sometimes be difficult. Below I include all the factors that influence the choice. I'm sorry if the explanation is a bit too technical, but it's the only one there is...
To start with, it is important to note that there are lexical, syntactic, communicative and relational factors influencing the choice between the Saxon genitive and a prepositional phrase (of).
- Lexical factor (related to vocabulary)
- Syntactic factor (related to grammar)
The answer of the student who was sitting next to the window
- Communicative factor, depending on where we want to lay emphasis:
The economy of the world --> emphasis on the world.
- Relational factor (related to the relation between the words)
- Object relation: it favours the of-construction: The imprisonment of the murderer (they put the murderer in prison - object)
- In subject relations both are equally used: the arrival of the train / the train's arrival (the train arrived - subject).
Well, I hope this explanation has been useful!
If you have any questions or comments, please leave them below!